A STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS OF THE MOBILE TELECOMMUNICATIONS MARKET: EXPLORING THE JIO EFFECT
In the Philosophy and Law of Information Regulation in India, published by the Centre for Law & Policy Research
Smriti Parsheera and Vishal Trehan
In this paper we take a closer look at the structural developments in the Indian telecommunications market post Reliance Jio’s arrival in 2016. We do this based on a survey of the relevant literature on competition in the digital communications sector, a review of the CCI’s decisions, and analysis of the monthly subscriber data and quarterly performance indicator reports released by the Telecommunication Regulatory Authority of India. Our analysis points to two key trends – growing concentration in the mobile telecom market and increasing cross-links across the telecom, content and device layers. Further, we argue that Jio’s dominance must also be viewed in light of the reality of it being a part of the Reliance conglomerate, its recent strategic alliances with companies like Facebook and Google, and a carefully curated image of being a swadesi counter to global big tech. All of these can be viwed as determinants of Jio’s soft power.
NET NEUTRALITY IN INDIA -- ONLINE SYMPOSIUM ON INTERNET OPENNESS AT THE TIME OF COVID-19
Online symposium organised by the Internet Governance Forum coalition on Net Neutrality and Community Connectivity. Medianama, 18 May, 2020.
From rules to enforcement -- The piece outlines the development of India’s net neutrality framework and the questions that lie ahead in terms of enforcement and building a multi-stakeholder framework.
Ensuring openness amidst the crisis -- This piece discusses the ways in India’s net neutrality rules might interact with the developments around COVID-19, including demands for zero rating of some websites.
NET NEUTRALITY IN INDIA: SIGHTING THE FINISH LINE
Economic and Political Weekly (Engage), Vol. 53, Issue No. 25, 23 June, 2018.
This paper traces the regulatory developments around net neutrality in India. Set against the context of the TRAI's recommendations to the Department of Telecommunications, we explores the logic behind why TRAI might have opted for telecom licenses as the appropriate instrument for giving effect to the net neutrality principle, the scope of reasonable traffic management and specialised services. We argue that whatever be the policy instrument through which we adopt the principle of net neutrality, India’s de-facto position on this will emerge only as we begin to see new services and business models tested against the proposed principles.
TRAI's CONSULTATION TOWARDS A NET NEUTRALITY FRAMEWORK IN INDIA
Amba Kak, Mayank Mishra and Smriti Parsheera
LEAP Blog, 23 January, 2017.
Written soon after the released of TRAI's Consultation Paper on Net Neutrality, this piece outlines the key issued raised by the regulator and the way in which the issues raised in the paper build upon the previous discussions in TRAI's pre-consultation document. seeking inputs for the formulation of final views on the subject. We identify the references to the local context, the appropriate footprint of regulation, practical implications of monitoring frameworks and role of transparency as some of the areas in which this paper advances the previous discussions.
TRAI’s MOVE ON NET NEUTRALITY
Iravati Damle, Mayank Mishra, Smriti Parsheera, Suman Prashant and Ajay Shah
LEAP Blog, 10 February, 2016.
This piece describes the developments around the issuance of TRAI's regulation on discriminatory tariff for data services, which put an end to Facebook's Free Basics service in India. We highlight the impact that the decision on Facebook's stock prices and its long term expected impact on the Internet and its stakeholders. We conclude that by ruling on the issue of differential pricing without waiting for a broader net neutrality law, TRAI has in effect won the last battle first.
PROPELLING DIGITAL COMMUNICATIONS IN INDIA: THE ROLE OF FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT
Varun Sen Bahal, Rishab Bailey, Smriti Parsheera and Faiza Rahman
Report commissioned by the National Institute of Communication Finance to examine the interplay between foreign investment and the growth of the digital communications sector. It presents the legal and policy framework that shapes this relationship, examines current and future prospects, and some suggestions on the way forward.
A TWENTY YEAR ODYSSEY (1997-2017)
Amba Kak, Mayank Mishra, Dhiraj Muttreja and Smriti Parsheera
Report commissioned by the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) for release at an event commemorating the completion of TRAI's 20 years. It discusses the key regulatory and industry trends in the telecom and broadcasting sectors over the last two decades.